Securely through customs: with our export information.
Export covers the shipping of goods to countries outside of the European Union. In these cases goods have to be cleared through customs.
What you need to know
In Germany the customs declaration is a tax declaration within the meaning of the fiscal code and customs regulations. The customs declaration for the export of goods to countries outside of the EU no longer uses paper forms, which have been replaced by the electronic declaration in the NCTS custom system (ATLAS shipping).
- The export procedure can either be implemented online using the Internet export declaration (IAA-Plus) or by participation in the IT procedure ATLAS export/AES as well as verbally (goods valued below €1000).
- The submission of the customs declaration to the responsible customs office is regarded as an application for the implementation of customs processing.
- An export declaration must be submitted for every export of goods with an invoice value of over €1000 to a country outside of the EU.
- Shipments of goods are always subject to customs duty if they are exported to, or come from, a country which is not part of the EU.
- On the other hand, any parcels you send within the EU are not subject to customs duties or declarations
- Goods which are exported to a non-EU country have to be accompanied by customs documents. These are in particular based on the regulations of the country of destination, the goods value and the contents of the shipment.
- This regulation also applies to EU exclusion zones, which are:
- Denmark: Faroe Islands, Greenland
- Germany: Büsingen, Helgoland
- Finland: Aaland Islands
- France: overseas départements
- Greece: Mount Athos - Italy: Campione d’Italia, Livigno, parts of Lake Lugano -Netherlands: overseas territories
- Spain: Ceuta, Melilla, Canary Islands
- Great Britain: Isle of Man, overseas territories, Gibraltar, Channel Islands
- Cyprus: Turkish area is geographically part of Europe, but not part of EU customs territory and customs legislation
- During the export process, goods with a value of over €1000 which are exported from the EU to a non-EU country are declared electronically to the customs authorities using the ATLAS export procedure or using IAA-Plus (Internet export declaration+, confirmation by means of an ELSTER certificate). This is also required if the goods value on an individual shipping day to various consignees in the relevant country of destination exceeds €1000.
- After declaring your shipment you receive the accompanying export document from the customs authorities, together with the customs identification (MRN) number which is required for clearance. This also serves as proof of export.
- If special customs regulations or sanctions apply in the case of the particular country, even shipments with a goods value of below €1000 have to be declared. In such cases the required permits and any other relevant documents have to be available during customs clearance. More information is available from the Customs or your Chamber of Commerce search.
- The export declaration should be implemented at the latest 24 hours before the shipment is handed to the DPD dispatch depot.
- As was previously the case, small shipments with a value below €1000 which are not subject to prohibitions and restrictions do not need to be declared electronically.
- Because parcels are not necessarily processed at customs offices with the status of an office of exit, we recommend that shipments should be exported via the two-stage normal procedure (customs office at the company location). After that the shipment with all further export documents and the accompanying export document is handed to DPD.
- The EU’s TARIC information system provides you with details of goods numbers, value limits and descriptions of goods.
- The EU internal market has significantly facilitated trade within the 28 member countries, and this has also been helped by the introduction of the VAT identification number within the EU. At the same time new regulations have been introduced for trade with non-EU countries. Accordingly internal EU commerce is differentiated from worldwide export trade.
- There are no customs duties on goods movements between EU countries. Customs formalities have also been lifted, which means that no customs documents are required any longer for the shipment of goods from one member state to another, unless the goods are subject to consumer taxes (e.g. alcohol, tobacco, oil) or are politically sensitive and subject to export controls.
- The relevant permits are obtained from the Federal Office for the Economy and Export Control (BAFA).
- The INTRASTAT declaration for goods movements within the EU is mandatory for companies which are subject to VAT and which ship or receive an annual volume of goods in excess of €500,000. This enables the Federal Statistical Office to record the movement of EU goods between member countries. It is not to be confused with the summary statement with which each company has to declare its internal EU sales to the Federal Central Tax Office.
- The EORI number (Economic Operators´ Registration and Identification) is the successor of the customs number at the European level. It serves to identify economic operators and to simplify automated customs processing.
- EORI numbers are allocated by the customs authority and are required for customs processing within the European Union.
- The EORI number can contain up to 17 digits. It begins with the two-digit country ISO code of the relevant member state. You can check on the central EU database if an EORI No. has already been generated for your company.
- Indicating their EORI number is mandatory for economic operators. Private individuals are not obliged to enter an EORI number in customs declarations. If the goods to be exported require a permit, however, then even private persons have to enter an EORI number.
- In cross-border parcel shipping the EORI number is mandatory for customs processing.
Export trade, export/import: links to selected Chamber of Commerce organisations
- Chamber of Commerce Berlin
- Chamber of Commerce Hamburg
- Chamber of Commerce Hannover
- Chamber of Commerce Frankfurt am Main
- Chamber of Commerce Cologne
- Chamber of Commerce Munich
- Chamber of Commerce Pfalz
- Chamber of Commerce Stuttgart
Chamber of Commerce organisations arranged by export trade focal points are available at info-weltweit.de.
Export trade portals
All information provided without liability. We accept no liability for the content of linked external websites.
Since 1 October 2013 companies which are located in Germany have to prove that shipments of goods to consignees in other EU countries or non-EU countries have actually been delivered.
This proof can be provided either by means of the confirmation of arrival (EU), the export certificate (non-EU countries), a CMR consignment note, a carrier's receipt or other standard commercial document containing the confirmation of the consignee that the goods have been received.
Questions on tax aspects will be dealt with by email by DPD's Accounts and Taxes team: [email protected]
Download information sheet: