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Czech Republic

Waste energy

Producing energy from waste

Country: The project is located in Czech Republic in 21 different sites. Mainly because of the landfill fees, poorly built infrastructure and capacity of other technical equipment for waste management, landfilling is the most common way to dispose of waste in Czech Republic. There, landfills enjoys very favorable geological conditions: for this reason, around two thirds of municipal waste from households ends up in landfill sites.

PO: TEDOM has operated in the field of cogeneration and energetics for more than 20 years by manufacturing equipment for combined heat and power production and operating technologies for utilization of renewable energy sources. TEDOM ranks amongst the leading manufacturers, operators, and exporters in Czech Republic.

Key issue: food waste, paper and wood scrap decay in anaerobic conditions of a landfill, under influence of microorganisms. As a result, biogas or so-called landfill gas (LFG) is generated, comprising primarily methane and carbon dioxide as its macro components. Uncontrolled LFG emissions cause local air pollution being potentially toxic and having a GHG effect. The emitted gas has a sharp and unpleasant odor, and is dangerous for health at certain concentrations. 

 

Solution

Greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction will be ensured through abatement of uncontrolled methane emissions at the landfill and as a result of reduction of fuel used by energy system power plants due to the grid electricity replacement.

The technology is efficient at >90%. The Waste Energy program’s main objective is to develop an EU standard landfill gas collection system to capture GHG and toxic gas emissions.

LFG is a combustible, which, due to its average heating value of 4.7 kWh/m3, could be used as a fuel for secondary energy - heat or electricity – production. 21 projects in Czech Republic produce 3,5 MW of electricity. 

 

 

Results

An average of 171,692 tCO2e avoided per year.

Corresponding to avoiding emissions for more than 16,000 people in Czech Republic

 

 

Co-Benefits

Social:

  • Job creation: 22,5 Equivalent Full Time on the site
  • Local benefits: The energy supplier, which is the owner of carbon credits, financially support hospitals and retirement homes.

Environmental:

  • Air quality: Reduction of atmospheric pollution and bad odors – locally improved air quality
  • Circular economy: the reuse of waste’s gas is an application of the circular economy’s principles
  • Varied energy mix: The produced energy is sold to renewable energy providers. It contributes to local  and national energy self-reliance. The energy self-reliance is an important issue in the country due to the decrease of coal stocks, among other factors.

 

 

 

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